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In 2011, the carbon credit market topped $ 142 billion

What is Carbon Credit (CC)?

Carbon credits or Certified Emission Reduction (CER) certificates are issued when there is a reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). By convention, one ton of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent corresponds to one carbon credit. This credit can be traded in the international market. The reduction of emissions of other gases which also contribute to the greenhouse may also be converted into carbon credits, using the concept of equivalent carbon.

Carbon credits create a market for GHG reduction by giving a monetary value to pollution. The concept of carbon sequestration was enshrined in the Kyoto Conference in 1997 in order to contain and reverse the buildup of CO2 in the atmosphere in order to reduce the greenhouse effect, which determines a maximum quota that developed countries can emit.

The conservation of carbon stocks in soils, forests and other vegetation, the preservation of native forests, the establishment of forests and agroforestry and reclamation are some actions that contribute to the reduction of the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere.

The results of the effect Sequestration can be quantified using the estimate of biomass of the plant above and below ground, the calculating of carbon stored in the timber and the amount of CO2 absorbed in photosynthesis.

Carbon Credit (CC) is a form of environmental currency.


Carbon Footprint

The footprints give clues to where we came from and where we go. The footprints give us information about the animals that leave them. The actual footprints offer details about the size, weight and speed, while the carbon footprints measure how much carbon dioxide(CO2) we produce during our daily lives. Going to work by car, a movement of the light switch and a flight out of town, all use fossil fuels like oil, coal and gas. When fossil fuels are burned, they emit Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions such as CO2, which contribute to global warming. Atmospheric CO2, 98% comes from burning fossil fuels.


You can contribute by purchasing Carbon Credits (CC) and or Avoided Deforestation (REDD) in order to neutralize your carbon footprint.


How is the estimation of plant biomass?

The trees were measured at 1.3 m above the ground and circumference at breast height (CAP) was measured tree height and estimated weight of biomass per hectare (consider also the branches, foliage and roots), and also measured the litter (dead part) at 1.00 m x 1.00 m, where the dead leaves were taken for weighing, thus stipulating the weight per 1 hectare, which has10.000m2, totaling 200 tons of Carbon Credits (DC) per hectare.

* Weighing a square meter of dead biomass (litter) and multiplied by the area of 1 hectare. * Measurement of the thickness of trees up to 1.3 m, circumference at the height of Peio (CAP) multiplied by the height of the tree.
Living biomass above soil
Leaves and twigs
Underground biomass Roots
Serrated or dead biomass Leaves and dead branches
If they are emitted 200 tons of carbon you need to purchase 200 carbon credits corresponding to one (1) hectare of preserved forest.

Voluntary markets

Groups and sectors that do not need to cut emissions according to the Kyoto Protocol or companies located in countries not signatory to the Kyoto Protocol (as firms in the United States), has the option to trade emission reductions in so-called voluntary markets. This market is for any person or entity wishing to participate in the reduction of Greenhouse gases (GHGs), with consequent reduction of global warming, our projects Carbon Credit (CC) and Avoided Deforestation (REDD) achieve 100% of voluntary market.


Carbon sinks

According to the Kyoto Protocol, countries that have large forested areas, which naturally absorb CO2, can use these forests as credit in exchanging for control of emissions, our projects Carbon Credit(CC) and Avoided Deforestation (REDD) achieve 100% of carbon sinks.

What types of gases?

CO2 - Carbon Dioxide = 1 ton of carbon dioxide is equal to a creditcarbon (CC)

CH4 - Methane = 1 ton of methane equals 21 Carbon Credits

* Methane is 21 times more polluting than carbon dioxide.


What are the deadlines?

Period of seven years with two possible renewal, or ten years without possibility of renewal.


What are the values?

The value of Carbon Credit (CC) is being negotiated by:

* U.S. $ 6.50 (six dollars and fifty cents) per ton, while the value per hectare is U.S. $ 1,300.00 (one thousand three hundred U.S. dollars);

* £ 4.20 (four pounds and twenty cents) per ton, while the value per hectare is £ 840.00 (eight hundred and forty pounds sterling);

* € 5.20 (five euros and twenty cents) per ton, while the value per hectare is € 1,040.00 (one thousand and forty euros).


AMOUNT OF CARBON CREDITS (DC) AREA, AND the corresponding area to be paid

Number of hectares Total in Carbon Credit (CC) Total in U.S. $ Total in £ Total in €
1 200 1.300,00 840,00 1.040,00
10 2.000 13.000,00 8.400,00 10.400,00
100 20.000 130.000,00 84.000,00 104.000,00
1.000 200.000 1.300.000,00 840.000,00 1.040.000,00
5.000 1.000.000 6.500.000,00 4.200.000,00 5.200.000,00
10.000 2.000.000 13.000.000,00 8.400.000,00 10.400.000,00



How will the monitoring of the projects Carbon Credit (CC) and projects of Avoided Deforestation (REDD)?

Soon after the financial investment on the part of individuals, legal entities, through donations, contributions in environmental investment. It will be implemented in the field TopoGeo Engineering and Environmental Solutions, Inc. by the agronomist Benedito Milleo Junior, responsible for technical development, implementation and monitoring of the projects Carbon Credit (CC) and Avoided Deforestation (REDD), with reports, and also with transmission of satellite images updated annually confirming the good condition of forests and end the indiscriminate deforestation, where the employee, donor, supporter and funder of the project, will receive this material, at the address indicated in contact with us and you can also visit "iN LOCO "areas that contributed financially or other areas related to this site. You will also receive a certificate corresponding to loans acquired in the areas of Carbon Credit (CC) and or Avoided Deforestation(REDD), which can only be areas of Carbon Credit (CC) and or areas of Avoided Deforestation (REDD).

Who can buy carbon credits?

Individual and Corporate, Industries, Banks, Investors, Employees, Freelancers, etc..
Anyone can buy carbon credits, and, after the investment will receive at the informed address the Certificate of Carbon Credit (CC).

Final considerations:

▪ The Investor, Donor, Contributor of Carbon Credit (CC) Volunteer must be secured documentary about climate benefits from the project and also social benefits to the communities directly involved. The positive balance compared to the existing reality in the absence of the project will demonstrate the certainty of their additionality.

▪ The Environmental or emissions additionality refers to the carbon accounting procedures, in which projects must demonstrate real results, measurable and long term, reduction and / or prevention of carbon emissions that would not occur in the absence of the project Carbon Credit (CC) and Design of Avoided Deforestation (REDD).

▪ Mitigation of climate change: Reducing deforestation and forest degradation can help reduce emissions of harmful gases, Native Forest Preserved promote removal of CO2 from the atmosphere, these are our goals for the Project by We Prepared, and Executed Ready for proper monitoring.

▪ Socio-economic development of the communities involved, Indigenous Areas, Farms, Farmer, Cattleman, Cocoa producers, through diversification of agriculture, protection of soil and watercourses, direct jobs, use and sale of forest products, aquaculture and ecotourism.

▪ Conservation of biodiversity through the restoration and protection of natural ecosystems, protecting species from extinction and keeping a natural and productive to humanity.

▪ With efficient planning and implementation, all these positive results can be achieved in an economically effective.

▪ The sea this becoming more acid in an unprecedented pace, through the burning of Fossil Fuel, and or burning of Native Forests, is the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) Half of the gas reaches the oceans and reacts with water ( H2O) increases the acidity of water through the presence of ions of hydrogen (H +) ions of Hydrogen remove water carbonate (component of shells of marine animals where they are difficult to form them), Marine animals such as molluscs , snails, corals, eqüidermos (starfish and micro organisms with shells tend to be extinct for this problem).

Bank details for the deposit, the purchase of Carbon Credit (CC) Avoided deforestation (REDD):

Agency: 0641-6
Current Account: 1010-3
CPF 320.838.409-25
Identity Number 1.494.076-6 SSP PARANÁ

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Links / Enlaces
  Kyoto Protocol - English
  Protocolo de Kyoto - Español
REDD - * Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
* La reducción de emisiones por deforestación y degradación de los bosques.
RCE - * Reduction of issuers or certified carbon credits.
* Reducción de los emisores de certificados o créditos de carbono.
GEE - * Greenhouse gases.
* Gases de efecto invernadero.

Copyright® TopoGeo - 2012